5. Benchmarks of Peace

5. Benchmarks of Peace (9)

This part answers the question “Where is there any society that is based on mutualism and cooperation?” This is done from a perspective of simpler societies, modern nations, intentional communities, alternative institutions, social movements, parallel subcultures, iconoclastic heroes, and everyday anonymous heroism. It reviews in some detail certain samples of these different types of referents, emphasizing that they need not be perfect to serve as alternative models. It ends by asking whether or not conflict and competition would have any appropriate place in a culture of peace.